As the title suggests this is second post in a series covering the basics of using WordPress. Previously we looked at how to add a new page. It’s worthwhile reading that tutorial. Many of the aspects we are going to cover today are very similar to creating a page.
This is what we are going to cover:
- The difference between a page and a post
- Adding a new post
- Entering a title
- Choosing or adding a category
- Adding content
- Adding images to the content
- Setting a featured image
- Saving your post and previewing
- Scheduling and publishing your post
1. The difference between a page and a post
A page is a standalone… well, page and is normally accessed via a menu. Whereas, a post should be considered more like an article. There can be a number of articles on a page. Posts are nearly always restricted to the blog section of your website, though you may see snippets of your posts elsewhere on the site.
A post is often considered less formal than a page and is a useful way of creating new content to help SEO and to add greater value for your users.
2. Adding a new post
Log into the WordPress part of your website. Use the navigation on the left hand side and hover or click on Posts, in the sub menu. Then, select Add New.
3. Entering a title
Entering the title should be the first thing you do when creating a post or a page. If your WordPress is set up to create “pretty URLs” then your title will be used in the post URL. If you start doing anything else before entering the title then WordPress will create a numeric URL which isn’t good for SEO.
You’ll have more freedom with a post title as opposed to a page title. A post title doesn’t have to fit into the constraints of a navigation. It should be considered more as a headline. Still try and keep it concise, but there should be no excuse not to get a keywords in here.
4. Choosing or adding a category
Depending on your theme, categories are often displayed in the sidebar of your blog.
They offer a great way for the user to navigate around the blog section of your website. So some thought should be given to your categories when innately creating your blog. To create a category, click on the Add new category link.
Once you’ve created your categories, use your mouse to check the relevant ones for your post. *Note* that you can choose more than one category.
If you don’t select any categories, your post will be marked as uncategorized. Avoid this as it looks a little amateurish.
5. Adding content
The main part of your post is obviously the content. This should be added in the text editor situated below the title. This text editor, in the trade, is known as a WYSIWYG which stands for What You See Is What You Get. This is more or less true. Don’t take too much store on how it looks at this stage. Rather use the preview facility for an accurate view of your post.
You can type straight into the WYSIWYG of copy and paste your content from another text editing programme.
For more information on using the WYSIWYG editor then read Tutorial 3 – Using the Text Editor.
6. Adding images to the content
Place your mouse cursor at the beginning of the paragraph where you wish to place the image, then Click Add Media.
You can now simply drag your image from your computer straight into WordPress.
Make sure the image you wish to insert is selected.
On the right hand side you have number of settings that you can modify.
Caption – You can add a caption to your image. This will normally appear just below the picture.
Alt Text – Alt text should be a short description of the image. This will appear if for some reason, the image is unable to display. Also if a user is using a screen reader to access your site then it will read out the Alt text.
Alignment – You can align the photo left, right or center. Aligning left will place the image over to the left of the page and the text will flow around it on the right (vice versa when you align the image to the right).
Link To – This will make the image clickable. I normally set it to none but you can use custom url to link to another site or media file to link to the full size image.
Size – Here you can choose the size of the image. I normally go for medium when including the image within the main body of the content.
Now just click the blue Insert into post button.
If you wish, you can go back and edit the image by clicking on the image and then clicking the landscape icon.
Delete image by clicking the delete icon.
7. Setting a featured image
Depending on how your WordPress theme is set up you may be able to set a featured image. If this feature is compatible with your theme then it will most often be used to set a banner image for your page.
Add a featured image by clicking Set featured image.
As in step 5 you can either drag in a new image or select one that is already stored in your media library. Then just click the blue Set featured image button; located at the bottom-right.
8. Saving your post and previewing
Use the Save Draft button to save what you’ve been doing without publishing your post.
On occasions you may wish to remove your post from the blog, but without deleting it. This can be done by changing the status from published to draft. Click edit next to the status and choose draft form the drop down menu and click OK.
Now before publishing your post, it is a good idea to preview it to make sure the formatting is as you wish. To do this, click the preview button. This should open a the post in a new tab in your browser.
9. Scheduling and publishing your post
Now you are happy with your post you may wish to publish it directly by click the blue Publish button.
On the other hand, you may take this opportunity to sit down and write all your blog posts for the next 2 months. In which case, you will want to schedule each post you write to be published on a future date, probably while you are sitting on the beach on the Amalfi Coast.
Click the edit link next to Publish immediately then select a date on which you wish the post to be published then click OK. The blue Publish button will now change to a blue Schedule button. Click this and you are done.